Congenital Anomalies


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Sacrococcygeal Teratoma

Sacrococcygeal Teratoma

Sacrococcygeal teratoma is a congenital germ cell tumor arising from the presacral area.
Occurs in 1/40000 births and the sex ratio is 4:1 (f:m).

  • It arises from the primitive knot of Hensen’s.
  • Segregation of these totipotential cells from the Hensen’s node to the sacral area is the underlying cause of these tumors.
  • It is divided into four morphologic types and three histopathologic types
    • Mature.
    • Immature.
    • Malignant).
  • The 3D or 4D ultrasound diagnoses depends on the demonstration
    • A mass arising from the sacral area.
    • Protruding through the perineum.
  • The mass is:
    • Either cystic, solid or mixed.
    • Covered with skin and the underlying spine is intact.
  • Hypervascularity and abnormal flow pattern may confirm the possibility of malignancy.



Congenital Anomalies Ultrasound Course

How to Purchase This Online Ultrasound Course

In this online ultrasound course you will learn how to approach and diagnose common morphologic fetal congenital anomalies using 3D/4D ultrasound.

Head and Neck Anomalies

  1. Occipital Encephalocele.
  2. Congenital Hydrocephalus.
  3. Oropharyngeal Teratoma.
  4. Cystic Hygroma.

Thoracic Anomalies

  1. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.
  2. Congenital Hydrothorax.

Fetal Abdominal Anomalies

  1. Hirschsprung Disease.
  2. Exomphalos Major.
  3. Gastroschisis.
  4. Duodenal Atresia.
  5. Small Intestinal Obstruction.

Fetal Renal Anomalies

  1. Congenital Hydronephrosis.
  2. ARPCKD (Potter Type I).
  • Fetal Back Anomalies
  1. Spina Bifida.
  2. Sacrococcygeal Teratoma.

Included Ultrasound Videos

  • Cystic Hygroma.
  • Congenital Hydrothorax (Pleural Effusion).
  • Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax).
  • Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation (CCAM) of the Lung.
  • Exomphalos Major (Omphalocele).
  • Gastroschisis.
  • Hirschsprung Disease.
  • Congenital Hydronephrosis.
  • Congenital Hydronephrosis – Virtual Contrast Imaging (Omni View).
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (Potter Type I).
  • Bilateral Renal Agenesis.
  • TUI of Fetal Ovarian Cyst.
  • Sacrococcygeal Teratoma.
  • Conjoined Twins.

Click on Curriculum tab above to view included lectures and quizzes.


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