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Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax)

4D Ultrasound - Obstetric Ultrasound - Unilateral Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax) in 4D Scan

Unilateral Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax) in 4D Scan

Hydrothorax is an accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity.

  • It is the commonest type is the chylothorax where lymph – due to overproduction or impaired reabsorption of the accumulated fluid.
  • It is unilateral in the majority of cases with preference to the right side.It may lead to:
    • Lung compression or hypoplasia.
    • Mediastinal shift.
    • Impairment of venous return with congestive heart failure.
    • Fetal hydrops.

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