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Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax)

4D Ultrasound - Obstetric Ultrasound - Unilateral Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax) in 4D Scan

Unilateral Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax) in 4D Scan

In this video you will learn how to image and diagnose fetal pleural effusion using 2D and 3D/4D ultrasonography.

Hydrothorax is an accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity.

  • It is the commonest type is the chylothorax where lymph – due to overproduction or impaired reabsorption of the accumulated fluid.
  • It is unilateral in the majority of cases with preference to the right side.It may lead to:
    • Lung compression or hypoplasia.
    • Mediastinal shift.
    • Impairment of venous return with congestive heart failure.
    • Fetal hydrops.

Click here to buy full lecture about fetal anomalies in ultrasound.

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