Unilateral Pleural Effusion (Hydrothorax) in 4D Scan
In this video you will learn how to image and diagnose fetal pleural effusion using 2D and 3D/4D ultrasonography.
Hydrothorax is an accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity.
- It is the commonest type is the chylothorax where lymph – due to overproduction or impaired reabsorption of the accumulated fluid.
- It is unilateral in the majority of cases with preference to the right side.It may lead to:
- Lung compression or hypoplasia.
- Mediastinal shift.
- Impairment of venous return with congestive heart failure.
- Fetal hydrops.